Topography Of Syria

Topography of Syria

Syria is divided geographically into several regions, namely: Mountainous Regions: It contains many mountains and mountain ranges stretching north and south of Syria, parallel to the Mediterranean Sea. Coastal areas: The area that is confined between mountains and the sea. The Badia area: It is all the plains located in the south-east of Syria, specifically on the Iraqi and Jordanian borders, in addition to the existence of many mountain ranges up to 2800 meters above sea level. The interior areas: The so-called plains areas. These areas include many plains such as Damascus, Aleppo, Homs, Daraa and Hama.


The most Important Monuments in Syria

Syria is one of the richest countries in terms of tourism and archeology. Wherever you go in Syria, you will find many places worth visiting, which combine the beauty of the place with its charming nature and ancient and rare monuments. Damascus Castle: This fortress is located in the capital Damascus. Its shape is like a rectangle. It has three gates and 12 towers. It is surrounded by a trench with a width of about 20 meters.



  • Fortress of Al-hossen: This castle is located in the city of Homs, known as the castle of the Kurds; where the Almrdasin built in 1031, and then seized a leader of the Crusader fortress and property in 1099.


  • Beit Durra Church: also known as Dora Urobus, because of the name of the area in which it is located, the role of validity, and found the most ancient drawing of Christ, and the painting is located at Yale University in New York.


  • The Umayyad Mosque: It is located in the center of the old city. The mosque was originally a market around Rammanyan to a temple in the first century AD, then it became a church. When the Muslims entered Damascus they divided the church into two sections: The caliph al-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik turned it into a mosque, and it was completely reconstructed. Mosaic was placed on it as a cover. It is now the fourth largest mosque in the history of Islam after the Haram, Medina and Al-Aqsa Mosque.


  • Tadmor
  • Museum of Shahba
  • Safita Tower
  • Al-Hosen Castle
  • Al-Azem Palace
  • Church of Hanania
  • Bab Touma
  • Deir Al-Zour suspension bridge


Syria is known for its great position, as it links the countries of the Middle East to the West, which has facilitated trade between them. In addition to facilitating the import and export movement, Syria has two ports: Tartous port and Lattakia port.


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